During the time of Enlightenment, many social philosophers think about the natural laws that goevern human societies and in their indefinite discussion several philosophers develop their theories regarding the formation of societies.
Many philosophers during Enlightenment such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau the most famous and definitely the prominent social theorist tackle the origins and history of human society. Various views explain the developments and origins of the human society examining the human in their own natural state make the philosophers discuss and relate the concept of natural law, freedom and liberty.
For the idea of John Locke social contract theory has a different assumption. Locke considered persons in their natural state as more reasonable through the consent of each individual that organized it. This concept is also know as the consent of the governed.
Jean Jacques Rossusseau idea on the concept of social contract lead him to the concept of general will. The people are the one who completely organized society established a government that shall embody the authority. The government is the one able to make its will to the people under its authority. It was based on the idea that people have empowered the society.
To tackle about the history of Enlightenment:
It was an intellectual movement which took place in Europe during the 1700 and 1800. It was focused on the used of reasoning.